Tulsi, also known as Holy basil is a sacred plant in Hinduism. Its latin name is Ocimum tenuiflorum. It is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the India. It is also cultivated in many countries in Asia.
The leaves of holy basil are commonly used in Thai cuisine, whereas Hindus consider it as an earthly manifestation of the goddess Tulsi.
The plant is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes in India, and for its essential oil. It is widely known across the Indian Subcontinent as a medicinal plant and a herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda.
Tulsi has been used for thousands of years in Ayurveda. Tulsi is regarded as an adaptogen, balancing different processes in the body, and helpful for adapting to stress. It has strong aroma and astringent taste, and is regarded in Ayurveda as a kind of "elixir of life". It is an elixir for cough, and is believed to promote longevity. Its leaves can help our body for digestion. Tulsi leaves prevent bacterial growth if they are sprinkled over cooked food in stored water.
Tulasi extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for many ailments. Tulasi is taken in many forms: as herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf or mixed with ghee. People use extract essential oil from tulasi for medicinal purposes, such as for herbal cosmetics, forskin preparations, and for fever, colds and infections.